These types of infections often have the same symptoms as influenza or pneumonia. Although flu may cause vomiting and diarrhea, especially in children, this does not necessarily mean a child has "stomach flu." SARS victims usually require oxygen and possibly mechanical ventilation. In total, contagion lasts about two weeks. They range from acute infections, such as pneumonia and bronchitis, to chronic conditions such as asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. But three types—the ones that cause SARS, MERS, and COVID-19 (SARS-CoV-2)--have the potential to be fatal, and each of these has led to a significant global outbreak. Lung infections can be caused by a virus or bacteria. Because we are in the middle of March, 2020, and possibly still in the early the pandemic stage of COVID-19, we should expect the data to change over time. Micro-organisms responsible may enter the lung by three potential routes: via the tracheobronchial tree. Lower respiratory tract infections are generally more severe than upper respiratory infections. ", National Health Services (UK): "Respiratory Tract Infections", UptoDate.com: "Patient Information: Whooping Cough (The Basics)", "Epidemiology, Transmission, and Pathogenesis of Avian Influenza", "Patient Information: Enterovirus D68 (The Basics)", "Seasonal Influenza in Children: Clinical Features and Diagnosis", "Treatment of Seasonal Influenza in Adults", "Mycoplasma Pneumoniae Infection in Adults", "Patient Information: Acute Bronchitis in Adults (Beyond the Basics)", "Epidemiology and Clinical Manifestations of Adenovirus Infection", "Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS)", "Patient Information: Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (The Basics)", China.org.cn: "China reports 5,974 confirmed cases of new coronavirus pneumonia, 132 deaths. Lower respiratory infections may be found in your lungs or breathing airways. Avoid sharing food, utensils, dishes, bedding and clothes with children who are sick with the flu. NursingCenter. Common types of bacterial lung infections include pneumonia and tuberculosis, states WebMD. The flu can be unpredictable and flu symptoms can range from mild to severe. A mild-to-moderate coronavirus infection is like the common cold, according to the CDC. The pertussis vaccine is recommended for both adults and children. Infection of this type occurs due to bacteria and virus. COVID-19 is caused by infection with a new coronavirus (called SARS-CoV-2), and flu is caused by infection with influenza viruses. A cough from chronic bronchitis can last up to two years. Interstitial Lung Disease (ILD) Interstitial lung disease (ILD) is an umbrella term used for a large group of diseases that cause scarring (fibrosis) of the lungs. About 40% of those infected with H7N9 and 50% of people infected with the H5N1 variant die from complications. This mucus may ... 2. Retrieved January 10, 2012, from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC427412, Pulmonary tuberculosis - PubMed Health. National Center for Biotechnology Information. • Tuberculosis, also known as TB, • Fever If all types of lung disease are lumped together, it is the number three killer in the United States.ʺ. One common cause of pneumonia is bacterial infection. Treatment of lung infections requires special antibiotics. This lung infection may also cause vomiting and diarrhea. By Vanessa Caceres , Contributor April 24, 2020 … Cough syrups may provide some relief as well. Some people are not suitable for flu shots. by Michele Blacksberg RN https://www.empowher.com/lung-infections/content/types-lung-infections Washing hands often with soap and water when available, and when not, using an alcohol-based hand rub. Recommended SARS prevention measures include washing hands with soap and hot water or an alcohol-based hand rub, wearing disposable gloves if contacting an infected person's body fluids or feces and throwing those gloves away immediately, wearing a surgical mask, washing personal utensils, towels, bedding and clothes with soap and hot water, and disinfecting any household surfaces that may have come into contact with an infected person's sweat, saliva, mucus, vomit, stool or urine. Flu symptoms in children may also include vomiting and diarrhea. Chinese and U.S. scientists have been working to create a SARS vaccine, but research has been made difficult by an absence of active disease to test treatments against. ", CDC: "Preventing and treating bronchitis," "Vaccine information statements (VISs): DTaP VIS. The global coronavirus COVID-19 outbreak of 2020 was caused by the most contagious strain of serious coronavirus yet. Retrieved January 10, 2012, from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0002347, Pneumonia - PubMed Health. In addition, several antivirals are undergoing testing to determine if they can reduce, slow or stop viral infection to allow the person to recover. Antiviral medications are usually prescribed and can help you cope with avian flu. Millions of people in the U.S. have lung disease. Smoking is the most common cause of chronic bronchitis, but dust, allergens, and toxic gases can also cause and contribute to it. Retrieved January 10, 2012, from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0004460, Reviewed January 10, 2012 Viral pneumonia is a lung infection that can occur in anyone of any age, but is more common in young children and the elderly. There is no specific treatment for a cold. Retrieved January 10, 2012, from http://www.nursingcenter.com/library/JournalArticle.asp?Article_ID=620495, Infectious Disease: In Disaster’s Wake: Tsunami Lung. Retrieved January 10, 2012, from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1310941, Lung Diseases: MedlinePlus. Currently there are no medications that aid in SARS treatment. NOTE: Hay fever, an allergy to pollens, appears from March to October and may cause runny nose, sneezing, itchy eyes and throat.Symptoms of allergic rhinitis (allergy to molds, dust mites, pollutants) may last year-round. Bronchitis is a condition whereby the bronchi (the air passages within your lungs) become inflamed. The first case was identified in Wuhan, China, in December 2019. Interstitial (in-tur-STISH-ul) lung disease describes a large group of disorders, most of which cause progressive scarring of lung tissue. People affected by enterovirus symptoms may also have trouble breathing and experience wheezing. Stabbing chest pains. Coronavirus disease 2019(COVID-19) is a contagious diseasecaused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2(SARS-CoV-2). 4. According to the U.S. National Library of Medicine, ʺviral infections normally run their course without medications.ʺ Also, patients may be able to take over-the-counter anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen to control their pain. Unlike most other respiratory tract infections, which are causes by viruses, pneumonia is usually caused by bacteria. Cough that produces thick mucus. The body's respiratory system includes the nose, Unlike bacterial pneumonia, antibiotics won't help if you have viral pneumonia. As a nasal spray, the H1N1 virus vaccine is a "live virus" vaccine that has been weakened (attenuated). One third of those who contract Mycoplasma pneumoniae (M. pneumoniae) bacteria develop this milder variation. This keeps cold sufferers hydrated and helps prevent another infection from setting in. Adequate rest may also help you recover and feel better. 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